What Have the Jesuits Done About Rupnik? A Timeline
A timeline of known facts about what the Jesuits knew and when they knew it in the Father Rupnik case, and what actions the order has taken so far.
The Society of Jesus said Feb. 21 it had received 15 credible accusations of abuse against Father Marko Rupnik and would be taking steps to begin an internal procedure against the Jesuit priest and artist.
The process could result in disciplinary actions up to and including the 68-year-old Father Rupnik’s expulsion from the Jesuit order.
In the Feb. 21 declaration, Father Rupnik’s superior, Father Johan Verschueren, said, “I feel it is my duty to deal seriously with this case and others like it that have arisen and are arising, out of respect for, and in protection of, truth and justice for all parties involved.”
To other restrictions on the priest’s public ministry, Father Verschueren added a ban on public artistic endeavors.
But the Jesuit order has admitted to knowing of abuse accusations against Father Rupnik for years, not only since alleged victims went public in early December 2022.
Here’s a timeline of known facts about what the Jesuits knew and when they knew it in the Father Rupnik case, and what actions the order has taken so far.
October: Jesuit Father Juan Antonio Guerrero Alves, Father Rupnik’s superior, receives allegations of sexual misconduct on the part of Father Rupnik, and an allegation that Father Rupnik gave absolution in confession to an accomplice in a sin against the Sixth Commandment. A preliminary investigation is set up.
May: The 2018 allegations are deemed credible; a file is sent to the Vatican’s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF).
June: Precautionary restrictions are imposed on Father Rupnik by his superior, Father Guerrero. What the specific restrictions were is currently unknown.
July: The CDF asks Father Arturo Sosa, the Jesuits’ superior general, to set up a penal administrative process for the Rupnik accusations. Sosa appoints a delegate and two assessors who are not part of the order.
January: The delegate and assessors assembled by Father Sosa unanimously find that Father Rupnik did commit the canonical crime of absolution of an accomplice. The order knows that Father Rupnik had incurred an automatic excommunication for that crime.
May: The CDF also formally declares the excommunicable act (the absolution of an accomplice in a sin against the Sixth Commandment) happened and that Father Rupnik is in an excommunicated status. The excommunication is lifted by CDF decree later the same month. Rupnik ceases to be director of the art and theological center he founded in Rome, the Centro Aletti, and administrative restrictions are imposed for three years.
October: Jesuit Bishop Daniele Libanori, an auxiliary bishop of Rome, is appointed extraordinary commissioner of the Loyola Community following a canonical visit that identified governance problems in the religious institute.
Bishop Libanori, in conversations with current and former members of the Loyola Community in early 2021, uncovers allegations of abuse against Rupnik, who had split from the institute in 1993 after co-founding the community with current head Sister Ivanka Hosta in the late 1980s. Bishop Libanori, according to the Associated Press, urges the women to file their complaints with the Vatican.
June: The CDF contacts the Jesuit general curia about allegations concerning Rupnik and some members of the Loyola Community.
July: Father Sosa asks Father Johan Verschueren, who succeeded Father Guerrero in January 2020 as Father Rupnik’s superior, to set up a preliminary investigation into the allegations with a person outside the Jesuits.
January: An investigation concludes that there was enough evidence for a case; the results are sent to the CDF with a recommendation for a penal process. Pope Francis has a meeting with Rupnik at the Vatican on Jan. 3.
February: Father Verschueren imposes new, unspecified restrictions on Father Rupnik’s ministry.
October: The CDF (now called the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith) says the statute of limitations has expired on the alleged criminal acts and there can be no trial. Rupnik’s ministry continues to be under restrictions.
December: Sometime during this month, Father Verschueren imposes new restrictions on Father Rupnik. On Dec. 18, the Jesuits publish a statement asking anyone who has suffered abuse to contact them to lodge a new complaint or to further discuss any complaints that were already made. The statement also includes a basic timeline of when the Jesuits learned of accusations against Rupnik and what actions were taken.
On Dec. 17, Fatheer Verschueren tells the National Catholic Register that Father Rupnik’s early restrictions were to “avoid private, in-depth spiritual contacts with persons, forbidden to confess women, and to give spiritual direction to women specifically in the context of Centro Aletti. In 2020, these restrictions were widened geographically to include anywhere.” In further comments to the Register on Dec. 20, Verchueren says Rupnik had been able to continue certain public activities while under restrictions because “a few exceptions” were made for him. “The local superior had the right to allow exceptions,” Verschueren said, and “could judge whether they were opportune or not.” He added: “I admit that this did not work well. We made these rules ‘absolute’ after complaints reached my ears.”
January: In statements to ACI Prensa, CNA’s Spanish-language news partner, Father Verschueren says he asked Father Rupnik to not leave Lazio, the Italian region where Rome is located, during ongoing preliminary investigations.
February: The Society of Jesus says it will open a new internal procedure on Father Rupnik after receiving 15 abuse accusations with a “very high” degree of credibility.
A more detailed timeline of the developments in the Father Rupnik case, including notes on his public activities while under restrictions, can be read here.