The Carmel Mission, established in 1773, was the second of the nine missions founded by Saint Junipero Serra.
Abdullah Kurdi was one of only four people to survive after a dinghy carrying 16 refugees making the perilous journey from Turkey to the Greek Island of Kos capsized.
Speaking to the thousands of Iraqis gathered in Erbil, Pope Francis said Jesus alone "has the power to conquer our evils, to heal our diseases, to rebuild the temple of our heart."
The church where the pope met the local Christians was recently completely restored after it was burned by the Islamic State.
Pope Francis prayed the Angelus with the local Christians, and added that he was grateful for the courage of mothers and all women in Iraq, praying that women in Iraq will be respected, protected, and provided with opportunities.
In his prayer, the pope referred to the city’s Al-Nouri Mosque, where on June 29, 2014, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi proclaimed a caliphate, known as the Islamic State, spanning Iraq and Syria.
Love, “even if it seems weak in the world’s eyes, in fact always triumphs,” the pope said March 6 at the Chaldean Catholic Cathedral of St. Joseph in Baghdad.
Pope Francis is the first pope in history to visit the Middle Eastern country, fulfilling a hope of St. Pope John Paul II.
Speaking at the ancient site, believed to be the birthplace of Abraham, the pope emphasized the shared heritage of Christians, Muslims and Jews.