Cardinal Parolin: Europe Needs Faith in God as it Struggles with ‘Demographic Winter’

In his homily, Cardinal Parolin emphasized the importance of charity in renewing Europe.

Cardinal Pietro Parolin, pictured in St. Peter's Basilica Oct. 3, 2015.
Cardinal Pietro Parolin, pictured in St. Peter's Basilica Oct. 3, 2015. (photo: Mazur/ / Mazur/

VATICAN CITY — Cardinal Pietro Parolin said on Sunday that Europe needs faith in God as it struggles with a “demographic winter.”

Preaching at Mass in Strasbourg Cathedral in France on July 4, the Vatican Secretary of State urged the continent to rediscover its Christian roots. 

“Europe needs hope if it wants to put an end to the demographic winter, which is not primarily the result of an economic or social crisis, but of the weakening of hope and the authentic meaning of life and existence,” he said.

He continued: “Europe needs faith in God, who is Father; it needs confidence in its potential, especially spiritual.”

His comments follow a speech by Pope Francis in May highlighting the low birth rate of many European countries. 

Cardinal Parolin was celebrating a Mass marking 1,300 years since the death of St. Odile, patron saint of Alsace, a region in northeastern France bordering Germany and Switzerland. 

In addition to serving as papal legate at the anniversary celebration, the Italian cardinal ordained Mgsr. Gilles Reithinger, former superior general of the Paris Foreign Missions Society, as an auxiliary bishop of Strasbourg archdiocese at the Mass.

In his homily, Cardinal Parolin also emphasized the importance of charity in renewing Europe.

“Europe needs charity, to put at the center of its concerns those who survive on the margins, in poverty or in exclusion, and to manage the migratory phenomenon with wisdom and foresight, so as to make a real integration feasible, which becomes a source of opportunity and fraternity, and removes the risk of separations and painful misunderstandings, specters of a culture that denies that all human beings are brothers and sisters, fratelli tutti,” he said, citing the title of Pope Francis’ 2020 encyclical.

The 66-year-old cardinal had originally planned to visit Strasbourg last year, but was forced to cancel trips in June and November due to the coronavirus pandemic. 

He had intended to visit the city on the France-Germany border to mark the 50th anniversary of the Holy See’s presence as a permanent observer at the Council of Europe, a human rights organization based in Strasbourg.

He began his two-day visit with a meeting on the topic of Europe. He said that the Holy See had shown “a strong and lively interest in the work of the European Institutions” since their inception. 

He recalled Pope Francis’ visit to Strasbourg in 2014, during which he addressed both the Council of Europe and the European Parliament, which is also based in the city.

“Europe is particularly dear to Pope Francis, not only because of his family origins, but also because of the central role in the history of humanity,” he said, referring to the Argentine pope’s Italian roots.

“He hoped that Europe could rediscover its Christian roots, starting from this path of fraternity, which undoubtedly inspired and animated the Founding Fathers of modern Europe, beginning precisely with Robert Schuman,” the cardinal said, highlighting the French statement declared “venerable” by the pope last month.

Cardinal Parolin said that in a pluralistic Europe, the Church’s task was to “elevate man” not only in his body, “but also in his soul and spirit.”

“Without respect for man in his natural and supernatural dignity of being in the image and likeness of God, his Lord and Creator, society will never be better,” he said. 

In conclusion, Cardinal Parolin said, “whoever wants to create a just, equitable, supportive and fraternal humanity must place man and his dignity at the center.” 

“Man, however, is not the one who was conceived by man, but the one who was created by the Lord in his own image and likeness. It is the Christian who lives in Christ, who creates, once again, the history of the Church and the history of Europe and humanity.”

“Great is the responsibility of the Christian, great is your mission in this city, the European capital.”

Before the Mass and episcopal ordination, Cardinal Parolin addressed the political and civil leaders of Alsace, a terrority that returned to French control in 1945 after several periods of German rule.

He noted that, unlike the rest of France, the region is still governed by the provisions of the Concordat of 1801 agreed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII.

He observed that Mgsr. Reithinger’s appointment as an auxiliary bishop of Strasbourg followed the process outlined in the Concordat, with the nomination approved by French President Emmanuel Macron and published in the Official Journal of the French Republic, the government gazette, on June 26.

Cardinal Parolin reflected on how the French Revolution that preceded the concordat sought to split religion and politics apart. 

“The French Revolution radically altered the age-old confrontation between Church and state, because for the first time it was claimed that the Church — and with it religion in general — was excluded from the social sphere,” he said.

He traced the Church’s response to this historic development, underlining the importance of the Second Vatican Council’s recognition of the “autonomy of earthly affairs.”

He said that concordats signed by the Church recognized both the independence of Church and state and their interdependence. 

He suggested that “where concordats, agreements or conventions exist, a positive relationship of collaboration tends to develop between the state authorities and the religious authorities.” 

“When such positive cooperation exists, it is also easier for the state to guarantee a space of freedom and respect for human rights for all,” he said. 

“This is particularly true in this region, which, thanks to the Concordat, which is still valid today, has been able to develop its undisputed vocation as a crossroads of encounter and brotherhood, not only between the peoples who have inhabited this land for centuries, but also for all of contemporary Europe, which took its first steps here after the wounds of the Second World War.”

Speaking to journalists in Strasbourg on July 4, Cardinal Parolin welcomed a Vatican judge’s decision to indict 10 people for alleged financial crimes. 

He said he hoped that the trial would be short and would uncover the truth about a financial scandal centered on the Vatican’s purchase of a London property, which, he said, had “made many people suffer.”

On Monday, the final day of his visit, Cardinal Parolin was expected to visit the headquarters of the Council of Europe, meeting the organization’s Secretary General Marija Pejčinović Burić, as well as other senior officials. 

He was also due to celebrate Mass attended by young people at the Sanctuary of Mont Sainte-Odile, marking 90 years of perpetual adoration at the site.