Vatican, Pope Played Key Role in New U.S.-Cuba Policy

Today's prisoner swap was finalized at the Vatican, and President Obama personally thanked Pope Francis for his assistance.

President Barack Obama announces a new policy on U.S.-Cuban relations on Dec. 17.
President Barack Obama announces a new policy on U.S.-Cuban relations on Dec. 17. (photo:

WASHINGTON — The Vatican played a critical role behind a prisoner exchange and a groundbreaking new policy between U.S. and Cuba announced on Wednesday, senior administration officials said.

“Very importantly, the Vatican played a role in this as well,” a senior administration official said in a White House conference call with reporters on the prisoner exchange between the U.S. and Cuba and the opening of new relations between the two.

Pope Francis made a personal appeal to the presidents of both countries in a letter, asking them to “resolve the case of Alan Gross and the case of the three Cubans who have been imprisoned here in the United States and also encouraging the United States and Cuba to pursue a closer relationship,” the official added.

The White House announced a prisoner exchange with Cuba on Dec. 17, as well as a historic shift in the relationship between the countries, which for decades has been marked by an embargo and lack of formal diplomatic relations.

Plans are in place for U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry to begin talking to Cuba “on the re-establishment of diplomatic relations” for the first time since 1961, the White House said. Also in the works is a new U.S. embassy in Havana and high-level visits to the country.

The countries will try to work together to fight Ebola and on issues of migration, counterterrorism and drug trafficking, a senior administration official explained. They “fully expect” there to be “strong differences” between the countries, but the Obama administration believes that “engagement is a better tool than isolation.”

The U.S. will continue to push for better human rights in Cuba, the administration officials maintained. The new policy is “not lessening our emphasis on human rights, on democracy,” one official said, adding, “Our emphasis on human rights will be just as strong and, we believe, more effective under this policy.”

Regarding the prisoner exchange, Cuba released Alan Gross, an American imprisoned there for five years, on “humanitarian grounds,” as well as an unidentified intelligence “asset” who was held there for 20 years, a senior administration official confirmed. In return, the U.S. released three Cuban prisoners.

The prisoner swap was finalized at the Vatican, a senior administration official confirmed. Senior Vatican officials hosted delegations from both countries “this fall.”

“The support of Pope Francis and the support of the Vatican was important to us, given the esteem with which both the American and Cuban people hold the Catholic Church,” one official stated, noting that Francis is also the first pope hailing from Latin America.

“President Obama has enormous respect for Pope Francis, and his personal engagement was important to us,” the official continued.

A meeting between the Pope and President Barack Obama also served as the starting point for Francis’ personal appeal, an official said, noting that “Cuba was a topic of discussion that got as much attention as anything else.”

Pope Francis followed up that meeting with a letter to President Obama as well as a direct appeal to Cuban President Raul Castro.

The appeal was “very rare,” one official acknowledged. “We haven’t received communications like this that I’m aware of.”

The Vatican was the “only other government that participated in these discussions,” an official confirmed.


President Thanks Pope

In his announcement of the prisoner exchange and new diplomatic relations, Obama personally thanked Pope Francis for his involvement, saying that the Pope sees “the world as it should be, rather than simply settling for the world as it is.”

Father Alberto Reyes has emerged as a critical voice against the extreme poverty and repressive actions of Cuba's police state.

Cuba’s Government Shuts Down Priest’s Peaceful Protest

The Office of Religious Affairs of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba “manages the different aspects of religious life” in the country, as noted in the 2023 Religious Freedom Report of Aid to the Church in Need.