Although text of the arrangement was not released to the public, it has been widely reported that the Chinese Communist Party was given an ability to weigh in on episcopal appointments for the Church in China.
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Observers say the contentious deal will likely continue on a provisional basis.
COMMENTARY: The Chinese Communist Party remains determined to extinguish the Catholic faith — over time.
Bishop James Su Zhimin of the Diocese of Baoding was arrested by Chinese authorities in 1997 and was last seen by family at a hospital in 2003 while he was in government custody.
A report by the Congressional China Commission, issued in January, noted that human rights abuses intensified in China during the 2019 reporting year, and the persecution of Catholics worsened after the Vatican-China deal was reached.
Without a bishop since 2017, Bishop Antonio Yao Shun, 54, will head the Diocese of Jining in Ulanqab, Inner Mongolia.