SANTA FE, N.M. — Billy the Kid, a notorious bank and stage-coach robber of the Wild West, met his match in the most unlikely of people when he met Sister of Charity Blandina Segale.
According to legend, and to Sister Blandina’s journal and letters, one of Billy the Kid’s gang members had been shot and was on the brink of death when the doctors of Trinidad, Colo., refused to treat him. Sister Blandina decided to take him in and cared for him for three months, nursing him back to health.
But the notorious outlaw, born Henry McCarty (1859-1881), was still unhappy. Word got out that Billy the Kid was coming to town to scalp the four doctors of Trinidad in revenge. When he arrived, Sister Blandina intervened and convinced him to call off his vendetta on behalf of the man she had saved.
After that incident, Sister Blandina and Billy the Kid became friends. She once visited him in jail, and he once called off a stage-coach robbery as soon as he realized she was one of the passengers.
When she wasn’t calling off outlaws, Sister Blandina was founding schools, building hospitals, teaching and caring for orphans and the poor and advocating for the rights of American Indians and other minorities. All in a day’s work.
Her heroic virtue and enduring works are why her cause for sainthood was opened in New Mexico last summer, earning her the title “Servant of God” and allowing people to ask for her intercession. Since then, several documents have come to light corroborating her stories, and the necessary miracle for the next big step — beatification — seems to be well on its way.
“Sainthood isn’t about an award; it isn’t about honoring; it’s about helping the faithful know that there is a source of God’s grace being worked on earth,” said Allen Sanchez, president and CEO for CHI St. Joseph’s Children in Albuquerque, which Sister Blandina founded. Sanchez also serves as the petitioner for the cause of sister’s sainthood and has studied her life extensively.
Sister Blandina, born Maria Rosa Segale, was just 4 years old when she emigrated with her parents from the small town of Cicagna, Italy, to Cincinnati in 1854 (she had her fifth birthday on the voyage over).
At the age of 16, Maria Rosa joined the Sisters of Charity and took the name Sister Blandina. When she was 22, she was sent — alone — to Trinidad in the Colorado territory to teach in the public school there. A few years later, she was sent farther south, first to Santa Fe and then to Albuquerque.
It was probably quite an adjustment, Sanchez said, going from Europe and the more settled parts of America to the still very rough-and-tumble West.
While in New Mexico, Sister Blandina helped found the public health-care system and the public-school system by building the first hospitals and schools in Albuquerque, often asking for the temporary release of prisoners to help her with the labor.
Much of what is known about Sister Blandina’s life comes from a series of letters she wrote her sister, Sister Justina Segale, who was back in Ohio. The compiled correspondences, which span the years of 1872-1894, were published 10 years before Sister Blandina’s death, in 1941.
“You’re able to see the history of New Mexico happening within her interactions,” Sanchez said.
‘Fastest Nun in the West’
To open a cause for sainthood, examples of heroic virtue of the person must be shown. The specific example of heroic virtue that her petitioners are using involves another story that could only take place in the Wild West; it is the story that earned her the title “The Fastest Nun in the West” from a 1966 CBS dramatization of the incident.
Sister Blandina was teaching school in New Mexico when one of her pupils told her, “Pa’s shot a man, and they’re going to hang him.”
That’s when Sister Blandina went to work. She met with the shooter and was able to convince him to write a confession. She then met with the dying man and convinced him to forgive his shooter — in person — before he died.
After the two men were reconciled, Sister Blandina then had to face down the lynch mob that was coming to kill the shooter, who, because of Sister Blandina, was instead taken to the circuit court and was given life in prison. After nine months, he was released to go back home to care for his four children.
“She disarms them from their guns, their hanging rope and their hate,” Sanchez said of Sister Blandina and the lynch mob.
“She must have been charming to them!” he added. “I think they would fall in love with her and do what she would ask them to do, because she cared for them, and she honestly was able to see the dignity of every human being, from the innocent orphans to the guilty outlaws.”
Sister Blandina also made several trips to Washington to meet with legislators and to advocate on behalf of the American Indians, whose reservation boundaries were being drawn at the time.
And although her own life is being evaluated for sainthood, Sister Blandina herself knew all about the canonization process — she helped to petition Rome for the cause of two different saints in her lifetime: St. Elizabeth Ann Seton and St. Kateri Tekakwitha. She also helped bring now-St. Katherine Drexel and her sisters to the West to help serve the American-Indian populations.
The Next Step
In order to be beatified, there needs to be proof of an otherwise-inexplicable miracle brought about through that person’s intercession. There are several possible examples of this being explored, which makes those petitioning for Sister Blandina hopeful that her cause will advance quickly.
“We know of a baby who was born prematurely, with a malfunctioning valve in the heart and collapsed lungs,” Sanchez said. “This family immediately contacted us, said they were praying the Sister Blandina novena for the baby. The doctors had very little hope for the baby living, but four days later, they couldn’t find the problem in the heart; it was as if it didn’t exist to begin with. Doctors are saying it’s inexplicable, so we’re pursuing that. There’s many stories like that that are being pursued to see if Sister Blandina was involved.”
The example of her life on earth is also important for the faithful today, Sanchez said, because Sister Blandina knew how to address both immediate problems as well as more systemic problems of social justice.
“She would follow through, from the charity to the social justice,” he said. “For example, she would help feed and house the railway workers, but then she would also ask why the railway workers weren’t being cared for. And that’s the call for us today: Charity is important, that’s where you start, and then you move to the social justice from there.”
Sister’s cause for canonization may take several years, depending on the approval of her heroic virtue and miracles attributed to her intercession, but Sanchez said the board that is petitioning her cause is hopeful that things will progress quickly.
“I’d say we’re more than halfway through the diocesan phase. For her to be called ‘Venerable,’ we just have to prove her heroic virtue, and we’re hoping we’ll be ready to present that to the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops for a vote in their November or spring meeting,” he said.
If he had to describe her personality, Sanchez said, he would say she was tough but spunky, holy but unafraid of conflict.
“She wasn’t afraid of conflict and to roll up her sleeves and get the work done,” he said. “And she was always giving credit to the Gospel, to Jesus’ work.”
The best part of the process, Sanchez said, has been getting to know Sister Blandina.
“I didn’t know this was going to be so fun and so inspiring,” he said. “And I really know her; she’s become my best friend.”