NEW YORK CITY — Amid calls for his resignation, Bishop Richard Malone of Buffalo remains firm in his conviction not to step down from office, even as Cardinal Timothy Dolan of New York assesses whether to open an investigation into Bishop Malone’s alleged mishandling of abuse cases.
“Cardinal Dolan has been following the situation in Buffalo very carefully. He is aware of his responsibilities under Vos Estis Lux Mundi; he has been consulting extensively both with individuals in Buffalo, including Bishop Malone, clergy and laity,” Joseph Zwilling, communication director for the New York Archdiocese, told CNA in a Sept. 10 interview.
“He has been in touch with the nuncio and with the Holy See. So he has been remaining on top of it, and I expect that we will hear something, some development sometime in the near future,” Zwilling continued.
Bishop Malone took the reins in Buffalo in 2012. Though no allegations of abuse have been made against Bishop Malone, he has recently faced accusations of mishandling or covering up accusations of clerical sexual abuse by priests in the diocese.
Vos Estis Lux Mundi, Pope Francis’ new norms, which came into force in June, puts “metropolitan” archbishops in charge of investigations into suffragan bishops, with authorization from the Holy See required.
The motu proprio also calls for an investigation into “actions or omissions intended to interfere with or avoid civil investigations or canonical investigations, whether administrative or penal, against a cleric or a religious.”
In this case, Cardinal Timothy Dolan of the Archdiocese of New York is Bishop Malone’s metropolitan archbishop.
“I can’t tell you exactly when, or what the development will be, but I would expect there to be some kind of development in the near future.”
A Buffalo lay group called the Movement to Restore Trust (MRT), which Bishop Malone considered an ally after it formed in 2018, on Sept. 5 joined the call for Bishop Malone’s resignation.
MRT is calling for the Vatican to appoint a temporary diocesan administrator with no ties to the Diocese of Buffalo while considering the appointment of a permanent bishop.
“Bishop Malone was looking forward to continuing to cooperate with the MRT and regrets that the work will now have to be done without their assistance,” the diocese said in a subsequent statement.
Bishop Malone has admitted that he has made mistakes in the past, but denies any criminal wrongdoing and says he will not resign.
Of what is Malone accused?
At least two whistleblowers with high-level access in the diocese — Bishop Malone’s former executive assistant and former priest secretary — have gone public with accusations that Bishop Malone mishandled several cases of sexual abuse by priests in the diocese, some of which involved minors.
One such case is that of Father Fabian Maryanski, whom a now 50-year-old woman accused of sexually abusing her beginning when she was 15. She reported the abuse in 1995, but a letter from the victim’s attorney seemed to suggest that the woman was in her 20s when the abuse occurred.
The diocesan victim compensation panel found her story believable and offered her compensation, but Bishop Malone said last year that there was still confusion about whether the victim was a minor at the time of the abuse.
As of January 2019, Father Maryanski’s name was not included on the diocesan page of credibly accused clergy, but it has since been added. Father Maryanski was removed from ministry last year.
In another case, Father Robert Yetter garnered three sexual- harassment complaints. Bishop Malone and Auxiliary Bishop Edward Grosz reprimanded Father Yetter and placed him on “voluntary leave,” WKBW reported late last year. Because the case did not involve minors, the diocese does not publicly list Father Yetter’s name.
Bishop Malone has also faced questions about his handling of the case of Father Art Smith, whom Bishop Malone’s predecessor Bishop Edward Urban Kmiec placed on leave in 2011, after the mother of a boy at St. Mary of the Lake School complained that the priest was sending inappropriate Facebook messages to her son.
Bishop Malone reinstated Father Smith to ministry in 2012, after the accused priest spent time in a Philadelphia treatment center, according to an investigation by local news station WKBW.
“Maybe I could have looked at it in a different way,” Bishop Malone said last November.
“We had decided with Art Smith — because, again, the Facebook incident did not rise technically to be sexual abuse — to keep him in some limited ministry,” Bishop Malone told WBEN.
Bishop Malone pointed out that he did not again assign Father Smith to a parish setting. Despite this, the WKBW investigation revealed that while working in a nursing home, Father Smith heard confessions at a diocesan Catholic youth conference attended by hundreds of teenagers in 2013. There were also reports of inappropriate conduct with adults in the nursing home.
“That backfired, too, because even sending him to work in a nursing home ... nothing happened with children, but there were some inappropriate actions with adults. So we were dealing with him, but not in a way that I would do now. I admit my failure there,” the bishop said.
He also signed off to allow Father Smith to become a chaplain on a cruise ship in 2015, and the bishop said now he is “kicking [himself] for that.”
Father Smith is currently listed on the diocesan page for clergy with substantiated claims of sexual abuse of a minor.
Bishop Malone has since suspended a number of clerics, including in November 2018 a young priest from south of Buffalo for alleged sexual misconduct with an adult woman. Most recently, on Sept. 7, the diocese announced that allegations of abuse of a minor against Father Louis Dolinic had been substantiated and the priest would remain on administrative leave while the Vatican made a final determination.
In August 2018, WKBW published an investigative report revealing that Bishop Malone’s former executive assistant, Siobhan O’Connor, leaked internal diocesan documents to the press that suggested that Malone worked with diocesan lawyers to avoid releasing publicly the names of some diocesan priests accused of misconduct.
Several of the allegations involved boundary violations or sexual misconduct against adults, meaning that the diocese was not required to take action against them in the same way that it would allegations of sexual abuse of minors, under the 2002 Charter for Protection of Children and Young People.
Bishop Malone said that while he sought to follow the charter’s requirements, he “may have lost sight of the charter’s spirit, which applies to people of all ages.”
O’Connor has been continually calling for Bishop Malone’s resignation.
“Be truthful with us, Bishop Malone. Put an end to this toxic secrecy and painful silence,” she wrote in a Nov. 4, 2018, op-ed in The Buffalo News.
“And, if you love us, begin the process of allowing new episcopal leadership to come to our diocese.”
In September 2019, WKBW released recordings of private conversations between Bishop Malone and Father Ryszard Biernat, Bishop Malone’s former priest secretary, which appear to show that Bishop Malone believed sexual-harassment accusations made against a diocesan priest months before the diocese removed the priest from ministry.
Father Biernat recorded the conversations as the bishop discussed how to deal with accusations against Father Jeffrey Nowak by then-seminarian Matthew Bojanowski, who accused Father Nowak of grooming him, sexually harassing him and violating the seal of the confessional.
In an Aug. 2 conversation, Bishop Malone can reportedly be heard saying, “We are in a true crisis situation. True crisis. And everyone in the office is convinced this could be the end for me as bishop.”
In one conversation from March, Bishop Malone seems to acknowledge the legitimacy of Bojanowski’s accusation against Father Nowak months before the diocese removed Father Nowak from active ministry.
Despite this assessment, Father Nowak was not removed from ministry until Aug. 7, one day after the seminarian’s mother accused Bishop Malone of allowing Father Nowak to remain in ministry despite the allegations against him.
Father Biernat says he made the secret recording after Father Nowak became jealous of Father Biernat’s and Bojanowski’s close friendship. According to a conversation taped Aug. 2, the bishop was concerned that media coverage would focus on a possible “love triangle” between Father Nowak, Bojanowski and Father Biernat.
Father Biernat also says he was a victim of sexual abuse by Father Art Smith. He alleges that Auxiliary Bishop Grosz threatened to halt his ordination as a priest and have him deported to Poland after Father Biernat complained in 2004 to Buffalo Diocese administrators that he was sexually assaulted by a priest, according to The Buffalo News.
Bishop Grosz has since “categorically” denied the claim.
Reaction in Buffalo
Bishop Malone is remaining firm that he will not step down. He reiterated his conviction that he will remain as bishop in a Sept. 6 interview with WBEN Radio.
A lay-led petition calling for his resignation has garnered nearly 10,000 signatures as of CNA press time. A number of clergy have written open letters to local publications calling for Bishop Malone’s resignation.
Father Robert Zilliox, of St. Mary’s Catholic Church, drafted a letter in early September calling for Bishop Malone and Auxiliary Bishop Grosz to resign.
“We, the People of God that constitute our diocese, are angry, hurt and in need of authentic, humble, sincere and holy spiritual leadership. We believe that despite your good work in the past you are no longer able to provide that leadership,” the letter reads, as quoted by WKBW.
In mid-August 2019, 22 plaintiffs filed a lawsuit against the Diocese of Buffalo, a province of the Society of Jesus, multiple priests, eight parishes, three high schools and a seminary, among others, alleging “a pattern of racketeering activity” that enabled and covered up clerical sexual abuse.
The lawsuit was filed on the first day of a legal “window” allowing for sexual abuse-lawsuits to be filed in New York even after their civil statute of limitations had expired.
Among the plaintiffs, who have not been publicly named, are several alleged victims of clerical sexual abuse. The lawsuit alleges specific instances of sexual abuse by priests and claims that the diocese failed in its duty of care toward children by allowing abusive priests to have contact with minors through parishes and schools.
Calling the diocese and affiliated organizations an “association in fact” for the purposes of federal racketeering laws, the suit alleges “common purpose” in “harassing, threatening, extorting and misleading victims of sexual abuse committed by priests” and of “misleading priests’ victims and the media” to prevent reporting or disclosure of sexual misconduct.