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Reflections on forthcoming Mass readings by Tom and April Hoopes.
BY Tom and April Hoopes
Dec. 13 is
the Third Sunday of Advent, Gaudete Sunday (Liturgical Year C, Cycle II).
There are two reasons to commemorate
St. Lucy’s calendar day
is one. The Sunday feast supplants it liturgically, but she can still be
remembered this day. She’s famous as the victim of a gruesome act of torture:
Her eyes were torn out (and she’s often depicted holding them on a plate).
What’s less known about Lucy (283-304) was that she was a devotee of St.
Agatha, who was a virgin and martyr who was put to death half a century before
her. Lucy angered her fiancé by distributing many of her family’s riches to the
poor in gratitude for a miracle she attributed to St. Agatha. He reported her
as a Christian, and she was first condemned to suffer prostitution. She
refused, and her captors found her literally unmovable.
Her feast day is celebrated
especially in Sweden, by crowning the oldest daughter and having her deliver
baked goods for breakfast to family members in bed. The custom is for the
oldest daughter to bake the coffee cake — but Mom is usually happy to help. It
was once the custom to put candles on a wreath on the eldest daughter’s head,
but we find having her sister hold a candle beside her conveys the imagery of
light and sight just as well. It’s also safer — and cuts down on “Lucy envy.”
Gaudete Sunday is the
other, liturgically pre-eminent, celebration on this day. The name of the Third
Sunday of Advent means “rejoice.” Advent is more than half over, and we’re that
much closer to Christmas. The rose (pink) candle in the Advent wreath is lit
today, and if the priest wishes, he can wear rose vestments.
Tom finally splurged to fulfill his
Advent dream now that we have more possibility in our Kansas yard. He bought
purple and pink Christmas lights and is building an outdoor Advent wreath of
candles — three purple and one pink — to count down to Christmas with outdoor
lights. We will light the pink one and keep it burning all week.
Zephaniah 3:14-18; Isaiah 12:2-6
(today’s “Psalm”); Philippians 4:4-7; Luke 3:10-18
Today is Gaudete Sunday, “Rejoice
Sunday” — and if the first three readings don’t give you a reason to rejoice,
the Gospel should.
The Gospel is good news indeed. In
it, the crowds ask John the Baptist, “What should we do?”
Maybe they were bracing for an
extremist answer. Maybe they looked at this man who wore camel’s hair and ate
bugs and had a little trepidation in their voices when they asked. What would
he ask them to do? Would they have to live in the desert, too?
But John’s answer is the height of discretio
— a virtue of discernment and balance St. Benedict praises as
essential if we are to both strive seriously for Christian ideals and
acknowledge our human weaknesses.
John’s advice is: “Whoever has two
cloaks should share with the person who has none.”
He doesn’t say “Give up your coats
and kill a camel,” though that is what he has done. He means don’t own too
His advice about food doesn’t
mention locusts, but it applies the same principle: Share what you have.
His advice to different groups who
approach him is tailor-made for them. For tax collectors, his advice was: “Stop
collecting more than what is prescribed.”
For soldiers: “Do not practice
extortion, do not falsely accuse anyone, and be satisfied with your wages.”
the good news of the Gospel is that the Gospel is “normal.” The radical desert
dweller was just as moderate in his advice as the cave dweller St. Benedict
Now don’t get us wrong. The Gospel
isn’t easy. It isn’t easy to achieve the detachment John recommends — to give
away half your clothes or food. For tax collectors and soldiers, John’s advice
meant giving up a sizable portion of their living. In each case, John the
Baptist called people to love of others over love of self.
And maybe that’s why the first three
readings explode with rejoicing today. Our God has come. He is a demanding God,
but he is not an inhuman one. He’s a God who demands love.
and April Hoopes write from Atchison, Kansas.