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BY WAYNE LAUGESENRegister Correspondent
JACKSONVILLE, Fla. — If you
get “married” in front of a priest you found on rentapriest.com, you’re likely not
getting your money’s worth.
So said a canon
lawyer in the wake of a priest’s excommunication this summer.
Such a marriage would not be a
marriage at all, Father Jason Gray explained.
St. Augustine Bishop Victor Galeone excommunicated a member of Rent A
Priest, an organization of married priests who offer to administer sacraments
for donations or fees.
There are some 300 members listed
on the Rent A Priest website. The organization’s
founder said there are about 2,500 other married priests she can enlist for
Fisher was excommunicated because he affiliated with CITI Ministries, which
operates Rent A Priest,” said Kathleen Bagg-Morgan, spokeswoman for the Diocese of St. Augustine,
based in Jacksonville.
CITI stands for Celibacy is the Issue.
“This is an organization of
priests who’ve married, and are not practicing priests in their dioceses,” Bagg-Morgan said.
founder and director of CITI Ministries and Rent A
Priest, said she’s saddened that Bishop Galeone
excommunicated the priest.
“Father Fisher, like other members
of Rent A Priest, is trying to be helpful by providing
sacramental services to devout, practicing Catholics,” Haggett
told the Register. “We’re a ministry, not a protest organization, and this is
just an unfortunate decision.”
Bagg-Morgan said it was a painful
decision that Bishop Galeone tried to avert.
Father Fisher did not return calls
from the Register. But an Associated Press report Aug. 22 quoted the
57-year-old priest as saying he is “reaching out to those who have been
The report said he plans to
remarry soon. He said the diocese learned of his plans last summer and removed
him from a parish position where he was associate pastor.
According to a May 2002 article in
the diocesan magazine The St. Augustine
Catholic, which appeared as Father Fisher and two other seminarians were
about to be ordained, he was previously married and had two adult children.
That marriage, though, was annulled.
“The bishop worked with Father
Fisher for over a year in trying to get him to come around, but in the end he
felt that this action was needed,” Bagg-Morgan said.
“It’s not something he wanted to do, and it’s certainly not something he does
every day. Basically, Father Fisher’s excommunication was automatic because he
was committing the canonical offense of schism by affiliating with an
organization that’s not affiliated with the Catholic Church.”
Bagg-Morgan said Rent A Priest is popular among people who want Catholic weddings
but don’t qualify for one. Haggett said Rent A Priest clergymen usually charge fees for weddings, but
provide other sacraments — such as baptism and last rites — voluntarily or for
“Someone who was in a previous
marriage that hasn’t been annulled, for example, might call Rent A Priest in order to have a priest perform the ceremony,” Bagg-Morgan said.
Father Fisher’s excommunication,
reported by the Associated Press Aug. 22, was the first in the St. Augustine diocese since Bishop Galeone was appointed in 2001. It caught the eye of
canonist Edward Peters, who commented on his blog In
The Light of the Law (www.canonlaw.info), “I sense
today a rather different mood among American bishops facing outlandish behavior
by their clergy; problem-priest cases seem much less likely now to drift along
year after year in unresolved, canonically ambiguous states. Ecclesiastical
justice is never swift, of course, but at last its wheels seem to be turning
Following the excommunication,
which became official July 26, Bishop Galeone issued
an announcement for publication in Aug. 6 parish bulletins that warned
Catholics not to hire Father Fisher to administer sacraments.
“The faithful have been advised
that any knowing participation in the schismatic ministry of Father Fisher is
gravely sinful,” Morgan said. “If he’s hired to perform a marriage ceremony,
it’s not considered a valid marriage in the eyes of the Church.”
Father Jason Gray, a canon lawyer
and adjutant judicial vicar for the
Diocese of Peoria, Ill., told the Register that any Latin Rite priest is
automatically suspended under Canon Law 1394 the moment he gets “married.” He
said the more severe punishment of excommunication “is a very rare and
Canon Law 1394 states: “A cleric
who attempts marriage, even if only civilly, incurs a latae sententiae (automatic) suspension. If,
after warning, he has not reformed and continues to give scandal, he can be
progressively punished by deprivations, or even by dismissal from the clerical
“In the Latin Rite, one can become
a priest only if he promises celibacy, with very few exceptions,” Father Gray
said, explaining that rare exceptions have been made for married Anglican
priests who convert to Catholicism. “Breaking that promise results in automatic
suspension. Excommunication is an even more serious consequence than
Father Gray said a married priest,
and even an excommunicated married priest, remains a priest. However, some
sacraments administered by a married priest, whether excommunicated or merely
suspended, are invalid. Others are valid but illicit, under canon law.
“When a sacrament is invalid, it
means nothing happened,” Father Gray said. “A sacrament that’s valid but
illicit means the sacrament occurred, but it was against canon law. In general,
baptism by a suspended or excommunicated priest would be valid, but illicit.
Marriage would be invalid. Last rites would be valid, but illicit. Confession
would be invalid. Mass would be valid, but totally, completely illicit and absolutely
should not take place.”
Unlike a priest who’s merely
suspended automatically by canon law, Father Gray said, an excommunicated
priest cannot receive any Church sacraments — up to and including Communion.
“Though he’s suspended and
excommunicated, he’s still a priest,” Father Gray said. “Dismissal from the
clerical state would be an even more serious penalty. Unlike dismissal from the
clerical state, excommunication can be lifted if he were to repent and turn
things around to the satisfaction of his bishop.”
Haggett said she founded the non-profit
Rent A Priest in 1992, when her mother was dying in an
assisted living facility in Maine.
“I couldn’t find a priest to visit my dying mother,” Haggett
said. “In my efforts to find a priest, I learned about the availability of
Father Patrick Wenrick,
a married Rent A Priest in Florida, said he and other married priests
are “priests forever” under canon law, and their status as priests cannot be
altered by suspension or excommunication.
“You can’t take priesthood away
from a man,” Father Wenrick said. “Despite that, I
feel very sorry for (Father Fisher). If this spreads, and more of us are
excommunicated, then so be it. It won’t stop any of us from doing what we’re
Father Gray said it’s true that a
priest is a priest forever, under canon law. However, he said once a priest
gets married, the law is clear that some sacraments, including marriage, are
invalid if administered by that priest.
“Celibacy is part of the
discipline and legal tradition of the Latin Rite,” Father Gray said. “Though a
pope could change this tradition, I don’t believe that’s likely to ever
Wayne Laugesen is based in